tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN December 11, 2013 12:30am-2:31am EST
thank you so much. thank you. [applause] >> to the mandela family, to president zumba and members of the government, to heads of state, and governments, past and present, distinguished guests. it is a singular honor to be with you today. to celebrate a life like no other. for the people of south africa, -- [cheering]
>> people of every race and every walk of life, the world thanks you for sharing nelson mandela with us. his struggles were your strugglers, his triumph was your triumph. your dignity and your hope found expression in his life, and your freedom, your democracy, is his cherished legacy. it is hard to eulogize any man, who capture in words not just the facts and the dates that make a life, but the essential spirit of a person, their
private joy, and sorrow, the quiet moments and unique qualities that illuminate someone. how much harder to do so with a giant of history. who moved a nation toward justice, and in the process, moved billions around the world. born during world war i, far from the corridors of power, a boy raised herding cattle, madiba was the last great libator of the 20th century. like gandhi, he will lead a resiststance movement, a movement that at it start had little prospect of success. like dr. king, he would give voice to the claims of the
opressed, and the moral necessity of racial justice. he would endure a brutal imprisonment that began in the time of kennedy and khrushchev. and reached the final days of the cold war, emerging from prison without the force of arms, he was, like abraham lincoln, hold his country together when it threatened to break apart. and like america's founding fathers, he would bring constitutional order to preserve freedom for future generations, a commitment to democracy. and rule of law. not only by his election but by his willingness to step down from power after only one term. given the sweep of his life, the
scope of his accomplishments, the adoration that he so rightly earned, it's tempting to remember nelson mandela as an icon. smiling. but ma -- madiba resisted the portrait. instead, madiba insisted on sharing with us his doubts and his fears. his miscalculations long with his victories. i am not a saint, he said, unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps on trying.
it was precisely because he would admit imperfects, full of humor and mischief, despite the heavy burden he carried, that we loved him most. he was not a bust made of marble. he was man of fresh and blood. a son and a husband. a father and a friend. and that's why we learned so much from him and why we can learn from him still. nothing he achieved cass inevitable. in the arc of his life we see man who earned his police in history through struggles and persistence and sureness and faith. he tells us what is possible, not just in the pages of history books, but in our own lives as well.
mandela showed us the power of action, of taking risks on behalf of our ideas. perhaps mandela was right he inherited a stubborn sense of fairness from his father, and we know he shared with millions of black and colored south africans the arrows of strikes and unremembered moments, a desire to fight the system that imprisoned my people, he said. but like other early giants, -- [cheering] -- madiba disciplined his anger, and channeled his desire to fight in organizations and
platforms, and strategies for action. for men and women to stand up for their god-given dignity. moreover, he accepted the consequences of his action, knowing that standing up to powerful interests and injustice carried the fight. i have fought against who it domination and fought against black domination. i've cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society and which all persons live together in harmony and equal opportunity. it is an ideal which i hope to live for and achieve, but if need be, it is an ideal for which i am prepared to die. [cheering] >> mandela taught us the power
of action, and also taught us the power of ideas. the importance of reason and argument, the need to study not only those who you agree with but also those who you don't agree with. ideas cannot be contained by prison walls, or extinguished by a sniper's bullet. he turned his trial into an indictment of apartheid because of his eloquence and passion, but also because of his training as an advocate. he used decades in prison to sharpen is argument and spread his thirst for knowledge to others in the movement. and the learned the language and the customs of hills opressers, so one day he might better convey to them how they're own freedom depends upon him. [cheering]
mandela demonstrated that action, and ideas, are not enough. no matter how right they must also be chiseled into law and institutions. he was practical. testing his beliefs against the hard surface of circumstance and history. on core principles he was unyielding, which is why he could rebuff officers of unconditional release, reminding the officials that prisoners could not enter in contracts. but as he showed the transfer of power and grasp of the law, he was not afraid to compromise for the sake of a larger goal. and because he was not only a leader of a movement but a skillful politician, the constitution that emerged was worthy of this multi racial democracy. true to his vision of laws that
protect minority as well as majority rights, and the precious freedom of every south african. and finally, mandela -- the ties that bind the human spirit. there's a world in south africa. [cheering] a word that captures mandela's greatest gift. his recognition that we are all bound together in ways that are invisible to the eye. that there's a oneness to humanity. that we achieve ourselves by sharing ourselves with others, and caring for those around us. we can never know how much of this sense was innate in him or
how much was shaped in a dark and solitary cell. but we remember the chapters, large and small, introducing his jailers as honored guests at his inauguration, taking a pitch in a uniform, turning his family's heartbreak to confront h.i.v. h.i.v./a.i.d.s. that reveals the depth of his understanding. he taught millions to find that truth within themselves. it took a man like madiba to free, not just the prisoners but the jailer as well. to show you must trust others so they may trust you, to teach that reconciliation is not a matter of ignoring a path but a
means of confronting it with inclusion and generosity and truth. he changed laws but he also changed hearts. for the people of south africa, for those he inspired around the globe, madiba's passing is a time of mourning and a time to celebrate a heroic life. but i believe it should also prompt in each of us a time for self-reflection, with honesty, regardless of our station or our circumstance, we must ask, how well have i applied his lessons in my own life? it's a question i ask myself. as a man, and as a president.
we know that, like south africa, the united states had to overcome centuries of racial subjugation, as was true here, it took sacrifice, the sacrifice of countless people, known and unknown, to see the dawn of a new day. michelle and i are beneficiaries of that struggle. [cheering] but in america, and in south africa, and in countries all around the globe, we cannot allow our progress to cover the fact that our work is not yet done. the struggles that follow the victory of formal equality, for universal franchise may not be as filled with drama and moral clarity as those that came before, but they are no less important. for around the world today, we
still see children suffering from hunger and disease. we still see rundown schools. we still see young people with prospects for the future. around the world today, men and women are still in prison for their political beliefs and are still persecuted for what they look like and how they worship and who they love. that is happening today. [cheering] and so we, too, must act on behalf of justice. we too must act on behalf of peace. there are too many people who happily embrace madiba's legacy of racial conciliation but passionately resist even modest reforms that would challenge poverty and growing inequality.
too many leaders claim solidarity with madiba's struggles for freedom but do not tolerate the same from their own people. and there are too many of us, too many of us on the sidelines, comfortable and complacent, with cynicism, when our voices must be heard. the questions we face today, how to promote equality and justice, how to uphold freedom and human rights, how to end a conflict and sectarian war, these thing does not have easy answers. but there were
we can choose a world defined by our common hopes and choose a world not defined by conflict but by peace and justice and opportunity. we will never see the likes of nelson mandela again. but let me say to the young people of africa, and the young people around the world, you, too, can make his life worth yours. over 30 years ago, while still a student, i learned of nelson mandela, and the struggles taking place in this beautiful
land, and it stirred something in me. it woke me up to my responsibility. to others and to myself, and it set me on an improbable journey that finds me here today. and while i will always fall short of madiba's example, he makes me want to be a better man. [cheering] he speaks to what is best inside of us. after this great liberator is laid to rest, and when we have return to our cities and villages, and we join our daily routine, let us search for his place. let us search for his largeness of spirit. somewhere inside of ourselves. and when the night grows dark,
when injustice weighs heavy on our hearts, when our best laid plans seem beyond our reach, let us think of madiba, and the words that brought him comfort within the four walls of his cell. that man is not how straight the gate, how charge the punishment, i am the master of my fate. i am the captain of my soul. what a magnificent soul it was. we will miss him deeply. may god bless the memory of nelson mandela. may god bless the people of south africa. [cheering]
[cheering] >> we'd like to thank president barack obama for his comforting words. we now move on with our program, and acknowledge the presence of a number of other world leaders, who have graced our land, to come and pay tribute to nelson mandela. his excellency, president serva of portugal is here. his excellency, mr. frederick
rhinefeld, his excellency, the president of the democratic run of the congo, president joseph kabila, is here. his excellency, -- is here, the prime minister of the bahamas is here. the president of israel, president simone perez is head of the delegation from prime minister benjamin netanyahu is here. the prime minister of the -- is
here. his excellency, the president botswana is here. the honorable prime minister and prime minister of -- the vice honorable prime minister john okay of new zealand is here. the prime minister of canada is here. his excellency the president of the united states, mr. barack obama is here. the president, his excellency, prime minister of denmark is here. his excellency, the first
president of mauritania, mr. mohammad aziz is also here. his excellency, the president of -- his excellency, the president of the european council is here. the president of the republic of croatia, his excellency, the president of nigeria is here. the honorable prime minister, david cameron, of the united kingdom, of great britain, is also here. his excellency -- is here.
[speaking in foreign language] >> translator: i bring you here today the feelings of deep sorrow of the brazilian government and the people of brazil, and i'm sure of all south america, for the passing away of this great leader, nelson mandela. [speaking in foreign language] >> translator: the most outstanding personality of the 20th century, nelson mandela,
led with passion and intelligence, one of the most processes of human emancipation in modern history, the end of apartheid in south africa. [speaking in foreign language] >> translator: mandela's fight became a paradigm, a model not only for this continent but for all those who fight for justice, freedom, and equality. [speaking in foreign language]
, nelson mandela, we, the brazilian nation proudly carry african blood in our veins, and we, too, mourn and celebrate this great leader who belongs to humankind. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] >> the brazilian government and people bow down before the memory of nelson mandela. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] >> family much embers, we relay
our deepest feelings of pain and sorrow. >> long-lived nelson mandela forever. [applause] [cheers] [applause] >> thank you very much, the president of brazil. the land that welcomes all of us. and we now call upon our next speaker who is the vice president of china. vice president, you are welcome. [cheers] [applause]
[speaking in native tongue] >> translator: we have traveled from different parts of the world to when the passing of nelson mandela, the founding president of south africa. your on behalf of the people's republic of china and in the name of the chinese government, i wish to express my deep console and shame condolences and pay tribute and the son of africa who smile we remember so fondly. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue]
>> translator: mr. mandela was an extraordinary founding father of the new south africa. he had led the people to victory in the fight against apartheid, making this a solid foundation for the love of his country. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] >> translator: he was the pride of the african people and he champions the dignity of the african people and moving
forward africa's cooperation with the world. he dedicated his entire life to the development and progress of africa. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] >> translator: mr. nelson mandela was a friend of the chinese people in a household name in china. as one of the founding fathers, he had committed himself to friendship with great passion. the chinese people will always cherish the memory of his important contribution to china and south africans friendship
and relations. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] >> translator: we are deeply saddened on the loss of such a great friend and at the same time, we are happy to see that his course will be carried forward. and this is a major emerging country and actively upholding the interests of developing
south african people will continue to make big strides forward along the path of rejuvenation and development. we remain a strategic partner to bring benefits to the two countries into peoples and to make positive contributions towards the development. >> finally, i would like to say that although the great man has left, nelson mandela's spirit for years and forever lives on. thank you all. [cheers] [applause] ♪ ♪
the work of this include sacrificing our brothers and sisters of south africa and the cadence this and we save let us continue to stand together in the face of the struggle for economics and for our people and guided by the principles of democracy and equality and justice. with the family, we wish you strength and we thank you
[speaking in native tongue] >> on where the spirit of nelson mandela. long live nelson mandela. >> we are coming to a close and we can see that the rain is not abating. and we are not going to keep everyone here for too long. because you have been here for quite a while. and our president is also going to be brief because he knows that we have been here for so
>> on behalf of the government and the people of india, i have joined the south african nation. >> i need to stop you right there. there is a band of their and i want you to play your music a little later when i call upon you to play. please put your instruments down now. [cheers] [applause] >> you will play your wonderful music in a little while. and i know you play good music.
please be patient with us. we only have three more speakers. and i know that we are all in a celebratory mood and we want to celebrate nelson mandela's life. put the music down and let the president of india continue, please. thank you. >> in behalf of the government and the people of india. former president doctor nelson mandela, with we praise him
with the people of these great country south africa. which standby you in your -- [inaudible] and we have no doubt that -- [inaudible] [inaudible] the true meaning of forgiveness and -- [inaudible] and south africa -- [inaudible] thank you, ladies and gentlemen. [cheering and applause] thank you very much, mr. president. we now -- [inaudible] from the island.
sorry alongside his struggle. mandela has lead his people in the battle against -- to open the way to south africa and nonracial and united south africa in its quest for happiness, equality, and the well-being of all of its children. a nation overcoming the consequences of colonialism, slavery, and racial segregation. [speaking in spanish]
setting a camp of integrity and perseverance. mandela, later head of the -- reduced inequality, and create opportunities for all. [speaking spanish] [speaking in spanish] >> mandela has set out an intermountble example to latin america and the caribbeans, which are currently moving toward unity and integration for
the benefit of their people. on the basis of respect for diversity and -- [inaudible] that it is only through dialogue and cooperation that discovered can be resolved in a civilized and civilized relationship between those who think differently. [speaking spanish] [speaking spanish] >> translator: mandela's life teaches us only the concerted effort of all nations will empower humanity to respond to the enormous challenges that today threaten its very
existence. [speaking in spanish] [speaking spanish] >> translator: cuba, a country born in the struggle for independence and for the operation of slavery and whose children have african blood in their veins has have the privilege of fighting and building alongside the african nation. [speaking spanish]
in history for the 27 consecutive years he spent incarcerated. without ever renouncing his ideas. he will go down in history because he was capable of cleaning up his soul from the poison that such an -- punishment would have there. and for his generosity and wisdom, which at the time of victory, allowed him to lead with great talent. he's selfless and heroic, people, knowing that the new south africa could not be built on hatred and venn -- vengeance. [speaking spanish] >> translator: honor and glory forever to the great nelson mandela and heroic people of south africa. [cheering and applause] [speaking spanish]
>> translator: thank you. [cheering and applause] >> thank you, president castro. we thank you for all the reports and the health of the continued -- [inaudible] from the people of cuba during the years of struggle and our country's continue to be joined at the hip and the area of development in a number of ways and the health of many other areas. we continue to recognize the heads of government that are here. we have his excellence mr. abdul hammed from bangladesh.
president -- from kenya is also here. [cheering and applause] his excellent president nicholas from venezuela and also here his excellent sei prime minister from italy is here. [cheering and applause] his excellency president from pakistan is here. [cheering and applause] his excellency president from australia. his excellency prime minister from norway is here. his excellency president from georgia is here.
your majesty, royal hien escaladed, traditional leaders, religious leaders, the leadership of the amc, and the alliance -- [inaudible] leaders of political organizations abroad. representatives of political parties activists of the movement. the diplomatic core. imminent persons, friends, of south africa from all over the world. [inaudible] [cheering and applause]
and government international delegations present here today. we also ebbing tend our deepest gratitude for the messages of condolences that we continue to receive. the mandela family, the south african people, and the african continent as a whole feels stronger today because we are being supported by millions throughout the world. south africa -- [inaudible] during his time is, of course, for great -- [inaudible]
the extreme come at the huge cost. the freedom fighter who allowed to use the brutality of the opposite state to stand in the way of struggle for the liberation of his people. being a lawyer, he understood the possible consequences of his actions. but he also knew that no unjust system could last forever. he said that is -- amc -- [inaudible] 19 and i quote, true the struggle will be a bitter one.
during the trial later in 1974. he never lost his fighting spirit. for 27 years, the south african people spoke about him out of fear. in fact, if they offer state government had its way, they would have been -- [inaudible] from thinking about mandela. a powerful name of nelson mandela left off. he continued to inspire our people every single day from inside -- [inaudible] he demonstrated uniquely.
inspite with the enemy. he also negotiated with the release of his his own belief. on the -- [inaudible] 1990 was one of the most remarkable and moving moments in the world history. the world came to a -- [inaudible] watching this -- walking out to the world he had left behind 27 years before. the emotions and we felt on that
day are difficult to express in human language. the downtrodden people who had been dehumanize and made to feel that in the land of -- [inaudible] in their lifetime. south africa needed a leader like mandela to help us through a difficult decision from app think to free democratic society. -- [inaudible] there are many times that brought our nation back from the brink of catastrophe.
mandela. he was one of a kind. today an international human rights day we celebrate mandela, the man of peace. today is the 20th anniversary of his being -- awarded the nobel peace prize on the 10th of december, 1993. this freedom fight that the amc -- [inaudible] of the regime responded to -- [inaudible] to simple demands for the
citizenship, human rights and justice. to attain peace. the onset was inevitable. but was a means to an end. but not an end in itself. [inaudible] was also evident in the continent. people beau -- and democracy today -- [inaudible] [inaudible] an unprecedented number of heads of state and government and
imminent person from around the world dissented upon -- [inaudible] to the inauguration as the first president of a free and democratic government. today the whole world is standing still again to pay tribute to this greatest of south africa and africa. there is no one like him. he was one of a kind. the world -- [inaudible] he declared, as follows, during
the trial in 1954, and i quote, it did not change that policy. end quote. that is promotion of nonracial and reconciliation during his tenure as president of the republic. [inaudible] speaking at the -- of the new constitution on the since 1996 he had a vision of the -- [inaudible] and i quote, let us give
[inaudible] to the injustices of the past. by building a future base unequality and social justice. let us -- [inaudible] our national unity by recognizing with respect and joy the languages cultural and the region of south africa. for one another view -- create the peaceful conditions which gives peace for the -- [inaudible] and to flourish. above all, let us work together -- to banish homelessness,
illiteracy, hunger, and disease. unquote. [inaudible] magnitude of challenges facing south africa in mind. he said about uniting the nation. -- [inaudible] the anger and frustrations of both -- [inaudible] and the oppressed. and reminded humanity that -- [inaudible] he managed both the fear of the minority and the highest expectations and impatience of the majority. he told us, the promises of democracy would not be met
overnight. and -- [inaudible] of the few would not be allowed to delay the new one freedom. we all agreed with him. to speak his mind when necessary to do so. how the world may be to recipients. many -- [inaudible] some of whom are present here. arising power of sports to conquer prejudice former president mandela embrace south africa 1995 world cup ambitions. donning the --
laid the foundation for a better life for all which was the rise of his presidency. he also laid the foundation for our country's now successful fight against one of the greatest of our time. still in office and during his retirement. the global campaign gave birth to the mandela day, global cause , mobilizing people to spend at least the @booktv minutes helping those in need. in november 2005 the united
nations general assembly declared the 18th of july as nelson mandela international bank. each year on the 18th of july in the world comes together to celebrate mandela day, recognizing the selfless sacrifice. it indeed one-of-a-kind. [inaudible conversations] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue]
[speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue]
[speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue] >> compatriots and friends, we remember that he believed in collective leaders and that he never wanted to be viewed as a messiah or a saint. he emphasized that all his
achievements or derived from working with the anc collective from home, in his own words, the men and women who were more capable than he was. that is the south africa that you see today, a reflection of a much eva and many others like him who sacrificed their lives for a free nation. with that, remain truly grateful to his peers. [speaking in native tongue] >> and countless others who left
an indelible mark in history. compatriots and france, today he is no more. he leaves behind a nation that loves him dearly. he lives the continent's that is truly proud to call him an african. he leaves of people of the world who embrace them as their own icon. most importantly, he leaves behind a deeply entrenched legacy of freedom, human rights, and democracy in our country. in his honor, we commit
ourselves to continue building a nation based on the democratic values of human dignity, equality, and freedom. united we will continue working to build a nation free of poverty, hunger, homelessness, and inequality. as the african continent who led by the african union, we will continue working to foresee its desire to a better africa and a more just, peaceful, and. [indiscernible] world. tomorrow our people will accompany the team of on his last journey to this seat of government where it his body
will lie in state for three days i have the honor today to announce that the union where he was inaugurated as president in 1994 and where his body will lie in state will, with effect, come today because, ben nelson mandela and the theater. [applause] this is a fitting tribute to a man who transformed the union prison from a symbol of racism and repression to one of peace,
unity, democracy, and progress. compatriots, comrades, france, we extend yet again our deepest condolences. and the children, the children, the grandchildren, the great-grandchildren and and the entire extended family. [speaking in native tongue] our father has run a good race. declared in his own words in
1994, he said, and i will, that is something inevitable. when the man has done what is considered to be his duty to is people in this country he can rest in peace. i believe i have made such efforts, and that is, therefore, why i would sleep for eternity. [speaking in native tongue] [speaking in native tongue]